Civil law in Ghana is based on the English Common Law doctrines of precedents, equity and general statutes.  Ghanaian customary law is however the basis of most personal, domestic and contractual relationships.  Criminal law is based on the 1960 Criminal Procedure Code, derived from amended English Criminal Law.

The Superior Court of Judicature comprises the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High Court, Regional Tribunals and Inferior Courts, which include Circuit Courts, Circuit Tribunals, Magistrate Courts, Community Tribunals and other designated courts as may be prescribed by law.